Kotdwara is a smalltown, anchored at the bound of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, on the foothills of the Shivalik Range of Himalayan Mountains. It is bound in by hills from three sides. The name Kotdwara indicates the aperture (dwara) to the Abode of God (Dev Bhoomi), back this is the abode from breadth the crusade to two acclaimed temples Kedarnath (Lord Shiva) and Badrinath (Lord Vishnu) starts. It is anchored on the banks of three melancholia rivers namely Kho, Malini, and Sukhro. This breadth was the abode of brainwork for abounding sages and rishis.
Earlier Kotdwar was alleged Khohdwara thats beggarly a aperture to the Khoh river. its Khoh on whose banks it is located. Kotdwar is a transformation of this name. The boondocks has consistently been a bartering centre of capital garhwal; and getting amid on the foothills of Garhwal, it has played the important role of a supplier of essentials to the high alcove of the hills, such as Pauri, Srinagar, Badrinath and Kedarnath.
In accepted with the blow of the region, Kotdwara was disqualified by the Mauryan Empire beneath Ashoka the Great, again by the Katyuri absolutism followed by the Panwar absolutism of Garhwal. The Gorkhas of Nepal followed for a abrupt 12 years and again the British colonists.
Writing in 1882 in The Himalayan Gazetteer accredit doc (Vol III, no II) E.T. Atkins says that it was a baby but rapidly accretion exchange amid on a collapsed section of acreage on the larboard banks of the Khoh. There was a acropolis at the acropolis end of this collapsed land, to bulwark off robbers from the plains. Kotdwara’s bazaar, he says, was accretion in accent partly due to the afresh alien agronomics and because of “increased agency of communication, as acropolis men, instead of purchasing cloth, gur, etc. from Srinagar now go absolute to this abode area they can annex all they wish at cheaper rates, and aswell bargain ghi, red pepper, turmeric, hempen cloth, ropes of altered fibres, and a few barks and boscage products, for what they crave for home consumption”. He adds that the backwoods administration had a ample bulk of balk and bamboo acid in the around and that there was a ample comminute on the aqueduct acclimated for cutting atom from Najibabad and Nagina. According to him, two fairs were captivated actuality during the anniversary on Tuesdays and Fridays, frequented by bags of people. The boondocks itself, he credibility out, “was busy by petty traders from the Bijnaur commune calculation 1,000 for 10 months a year, as a ample amount of traders anatomy Najibabad and aswell the hills accumulate shops accessible during this period, alone traveling abroad for the ailing months of August and September.